As the main machine for machining, the machine tool is in a very important position in actual production. When we process different materials, we need to choose different equipment. Our commonly used equipment in production is lathes, milling machines, planers,boring machines, grinding machines, drilling machines and so on. Now I will introduce it according to the different characteristics of each machine.
Mainly used for processing various rotary surfaces and end faces of rotary bodies. Such as turning inside and outside cylindrical surface, conical surface, ring groove and forming the rotary surface, turning end face and various commonly used threads, with process equipment can also process various special shapes. Drilling, reaming, reaming, knurling, etc. can also be done on the lathe.
A versatile machine tool that can machine flat, grooved, and toothed parts (gears, splined shafts, sprocket rims, spiral surfaces, and various curved surfaces) on the milling machine. It can also suitable for the surface of the rotor. Hole machining and cutting work, etc. When the milling machine is working, the workpiece is mount on the table or the indexing head and other accessories. The milling cutter rotates as the main motion, supplemented by the feed motion of the table or the milling head, and the workpiece can be obtained. The required machining surface. Due to the multi-knife interrupted cutting, the productivity of the milling machine is high.
Mainly used for processing a variety of flat, linear forming surfaces. If equipped with a contouring device, it can also process space surfaces such as turbine wheels, spiral grooves, etc. This type of machine tool has a simple tool structure and does not cut when returning, so the productivity is low. And it is generally used for single-piece small batch production.
It is suitable for plane milling and hole machining of parts produced in single or small batches in the machine shop. The end of the headstock with a flat rotary disk tool holder for precise boring of larger holes and planes. In addition, drilling, reaming and threading are also possible.
A machine tool that uses abrasive abrasives (grinding wheels, abrasive belts, oilstones, abrasives, etc.) as tools to cut the surface of the workpiece, collectively referred to as a grinding machine. Grinding machines can process a variety of surfaces, such as inner and outer cylindrical and conical surfaces, planes, gear tooth surfaces, spiral surfaces, and various molding surfaces, as well as sharpening tools and cutting, etc., the process range is very wide. Since the grinding process is easy to obtain high machining accuracy and good surface quality, the grinding machine is mainly used for finishing parts, especially for hardened steel parts and high hardness special materials.
A versatile machine tool with a wide range of applications for drilling, reaming, reaming, boring and tapping. Boring can also be performed when the radial drilling machine is equipped with process equipment. A universal workbench is attached to the drill, and the keyway can be milled.