The grinding machine consists of a bed with a fixture to guide and hold the workpiece, and a power-driven grinding wheel spinning at the required speed. The speed is determined by the wheel’s diameter and manufacturer’s rating. Grinding machines have advanced in design, construction, rigidity, and application far more in the last decade than any other standard machine tool in the manufacturing industry.
Surface grinding – Surface grinding is the most common of the grinding operations. It is a finishing process that uses a rotating abrasive wheel to smooth the flat surface of metallic or nonmetallic materials to give them a more refined look by removing the oxide layer and impurities on workpiece surfaces.
Cylindrical grinder – Type of grinding machine used to shape the outside of an object. The cylindrical grinder can work on a variety of shapes, however, the object must have a central axis of rotation.
Tool and cutter grinder – Grinder used to sharpen milling cutters and tool bits along with a host of other cutting tools. It is an extremely versatile machine used to perform a variety of grinding operations: surface, cylindrical, or complex shapes.
Belt grinding – Belt grinding is an abrasive machining process used on metals and other materials. It is typically used as a finishing process in the industry. A belt, coated in abrasive material, is run over the surface to be processed in order to remove material or produce the desired finish.